Facial Implants

Facial Implants

What are Facial Implants?

Facial implants are created using highly biocompatible compounds that aid in augmentation or enhancement of physical features or the overall structure of the face. Facial Implants Individuals who are not satisfied with their natural features only have to consult an experienced implant or cosmetic surgeon for the evaluation of the correct shape and size of the implants that will ideally suits the face structure. There are a number of different implants that can be plants in order to improve the aesthetics of various facial regions. Some of the implant types include:

–          Cheek Implants: Cheek implants are among the most prominent of all implants being practiced in cosmetic surgery today. With the help of this surgery, prominent projection of bones forming the cheeks can be successfully achieved. These implants are basically planed to enhance the volume of this particular facial region.

–          Chin Implants: Chin Implants are placed in order to make flat or disproportionate chins more prominent and distinct.

–          Implants of the Jaw: A weak, thinning jaw can give a significant amount of lack of proportion to the face. It may disturb the angle of the jaw and thus create a considerable facial imbalance. Jaw implants can effectively correct this imbalance be giving a proper definition to the jaw.

The basic aim of giving facial implants is to create a perfect symmetry and balance of the facial features, and is not always associated with enhancing the structure of the face. Facial Implant surgery can also be accompanied with corrective surgeries of the nose and ears to achieve the desired results.


Risks and Complications of Facial Implants:

There are a number of risks and complications associated with just about every single invasive, surgical procedure performed. These complications can be major or minor, and can either occur before, during or after the completion of the surgery.
Similarly, there are a few risks and complications that are related to facial implant surgeries. It is important for all surgeons to make their patients aware of all these risks prior to initiating the procedure, and acquire their complete consent before proceeding to surgery.

–          Post Surgical Scarring

–          Excessive or abnormal bleeding, also known as Hematoma

–          Accumulation of fluids within the tissues, also known as seroma

–          Delayed healing of incisions created during surgery

–          Infection at the site of incisions

–          Unintentional damage to blood vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries), and nerves

–          Complications associated with anesthesia administration

–          Altered sensations

–          Sensitivity, swelling or discoloration of the skin after surgery

–          Formation of blood clots

–          Port surgical pain

–          Allergic reaction to material used during and after surgery

–          Implant shifting

–          Unwanted pressure caused by implants on surrounding structures


Steps of Facial Implant Surgery:

The facial implant surgery requires only one sitting, after which the surgeon may recommend follow-up visits to evaluate the post surgical status of the patient. Conventional implant surgeries are relatively simple, and comprise of the following steps:

  1. Administration of Anesthesia: To ensure a completely painless and comfortable surgery, the surgeon will administer anesthesia to sedate the patient. Facial Implant surgeries are generally performed on general anesthesia. The drugs and mode of anesthesia administration depend upon the surgeon’s preferences and the medical status of the patient.
  2. Creating Suitable Incisions: Based on the needs and requirements of the patient, the incisions are placed carefully around regions where the implants are to be placed: facial-implants-chin  For chin implants (See diagram above), generally the incisions are placed from inside the mouth, along the labial frenum. An incision created below the chin can also be used for the placement of the implant.
    facial-implants-chinJaw Implants (See diagram above) also require intraoral incisions along the vestibules of the cheek and the jawline.
    facial-implants-CheekCheek Impants incisions vary based on the region of the cheek that requires enhancement and augmentation (See diagram above). In this case incisions may either be intraoral or extra-oral depending upon the surgeon’s technique.
  3. Incision Closing: Once the implants have been successfully placed, the skin is then repositioned and the incisions are closed. The closure of incisions used during this surgery can be achieved with the help of suitable, absorbable sutures which are generally removed two weeks after the surgery.


Results of the Facial Implant Surgery (Click here to view Before & After Photographs):

Though the results of the facial implant surgery can be appreciated immediately after the procedure has been completed, it may take several months for the scars and swelling to completely vanish. However, once the signs have entirely dissipated, patients can confidently flaunt their prominent, more enhanced facial features.
It is important for all patients to visit their surgeons for post-surgical follow-up visits for regular evaluation of the implant status. Patients may be prescribed antibiotics and analgesics to prevent post surgical pain and infection from occurring. In case of any complications, patients must report back to the hospital immediately.

Recovery from Facial Implant Surgery:

Once the scars and swelling have subsided, patients will be able to appreciate their distinct facial features. The results of this surgery are long lasting. However, changes induced by facial implants are not permanent and factors including age can alter results. In case the patients are not satisfied, it is possible to perform a corrective, revisional surgery to achieve the desired results.