Chin Surgery

Chin Surgery

What is Chin Surgery?

Chin Surgery medically referred to as genioplasty or mentoplasty based on whether the patient requires addition or reduction of biocompatible material at the chin is a surgery performed to induce balance of the overall structure of the face and its features by altering the shape and size of the chin.Chin Surgery 2

In a number of cases, chin surgeries may be performed after, or in combination with nose surgeries in order to achieve the perfect facial balance. These surgeries are performed to help patients feel confident about the way their look, and to eliminate any disproportions or disharmonies associated with the overall facial structure and profile.

Excessive prominence of the chin can be corrected with the help of osteotomy to either reduce or round off the chin effectively, whereas chin augmentation can be achieved with chin implants. Chin surgeries can be aptly performed by implant surgeons, cosmetic surgeons as well as oral and maxilla-facial surgeons.



What are the possible risks and complications of chin surgery?

Just about all surgeries in the world pose certain risks and potential complications which may occur before, during or after the completion of the procedure. Because chin surgeries are considerably invasive in nature, there are certain risks associated with these procedures that all patients must be aware of beforehand. Leading plastic surgeons and physicians educate their patients about the list of complications that can develop, or the potential risks of the procedure and acquire complete consent of their patients prior to surgery.
It is therefore important to have a consultation session with your surgeon to discuss all risks and complications related to chin surgeries and whether you are medically fit to undergo the procedure.

Some of the common risks and complications which may arise before, during or after Chin augmentation or reduction surgeries include:

–          Post Surgical Scarring

–          Excessive or abnormal bleeding, also known as Hematoma

–          Accumulation of fluids within the tissues, also known as seroma

–          Delayed healing of incisions created during surgery

–          Infection at the site of incisions

–          Unintentional damage to blood vessels (arteries, veins and capillaries), and nerves

–          Complications associated with anesthesia administration

–          Altered sensations

–          Sensitivity, swelling or discoloration of the skin after surgery

–          Formation of blood clots

–          Port surgical pain

–          Allergic reaction to material used during and after surgery

–          Chin Implant shifting

–          Unwanted pressure caused by chin implants on surrounding structures


Chin Surgery 1What are the steps involved in Chin Surgeries?

There are two main kinds of chin surgeries; the first one is used for the correction of excessively prominent chin and helps in effectively reducing this prominence whereas the second one is used for the correction of a deficient chin, and induces balance and proportion to the facial profile with the addition of biocompatible materials and chin implants to the region, to achieve enhanced, distinct features. Following are the steps that are involved in conventional chin surgeries today:

  1. Administration of Anesthesia: Anesthesia is administrated before starting the procedure in order to ensure a painless experience for the patient. Chin Surgeries are performed on general anesthesia or complete sedation because they are invasive in nature and the elimination of pain and discomfort is absolutely essential. Based on your medical history, your surgeon will recommend the most suitable drugs and mode of administration for anesthesia.
  2. Creating Suitable Incisions: Once the anesthesia has been successfully administered, the surgeon will then create suitable incisions to begin the surgery. In case of chin augmentation with the help of implants, the incisions are generally placed intra-orally along the labial frenum. In other cases, incisions can also be placed below the chin. Once the suitable incisions have been created, the surgeon will work towards achieving the desired results either by reducing the chin bone by rounding it off, or by the addition of biocompatible materials and implants to the region to make the chin look more distinct and prominent.
  3. Closing the Incisions: Once the procedure has been completed, the skin is then repositioned for the closure of these incisions. Incision closing is achieved with the help of suitable, absorbable sutures. Extra-oral incision can also be reoriented using adhesive surgical tapes.


Recovery from Chin Surgery:Chin Surgery Medical 2

The effects and the changes induced by the chin surgery become evident immediately after the completion of the procedure. However, patients may experience visible scarring or swelling in the region of the surgery for several months. Once these scars have dissipated, patients can confidently flaunt a more balanced, harmonious facial profile.
Follow up visits to the surgeons are critical to determine the post surgical status of the procedure, or the implants. Patients may be prescribed medicines for the prevention of post surgical pain and development of infections.
In case of any complications, patients must report back to the hospital immediately for suitable treatment and management.

Results expected from Chin Surgery (Click here to view Before & After Photographs):

The results of chin surgery are prominent and long lasting. They provide an excellent balance to the overall structure of the face by correcting the disproportionate features. It must be kept in mind however, that the results may not always be permanent, especially in case of implants and can be altered by factors such as age. Corrective surgery is possible if patients are not satisfied with the results.