Breast Reduction

Breast Reduction

What is meant by Breast reduction?

Breast Reduction

Breast reduction is also called reduction mammoplasty and involves the removal of unwanted, extra adipose in the breast, along with excess skin and tissue for ideal contour, size and proportion. In most cases, patients wish to have breast reduction done to rid themselves of the discomfort or pain related to abnormally big mammary glands.

 

Are there are risks and complicated associated with breast reduction surgeries?

Nearly all invasive surgical procedures have some risks and complications associated with them, and breast reduction surgeries are no exceptions.
Leading plastic surgeons around the world first hold consultation sessions with their patients in order to educate them about the different risks and complications that are associated with such procedures, and acquire their complete consent prior to proceeding with the surgery.
Some of the complications and risks that can occur before, during and after breast reduction surgeries have been discussed as follows:

–          Biological reactions to anesthesia administration

–          Post-operative bleeding (also known as hematoma)

–          Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the body/tissues (also known as seroma)

–          Infection at the incision site

–          Post-Operative Pain

–          Altered functionality and sensations

–          Disproportion and loss of symmetry

–          Appearance of wrinkles on or around the mammary glands

–          Unfavorable post operative scarring

–          Abnormal thinning of the mammary gland tissues

–          Reparative surgery due to failure of surgery dissatisfaction of the patient

–          Damage to local nerves and vessels in the region

–          Damage to surrounding internal organs due to surgical accidents or improper handling/techniques

–          Formation of blood clots

–          Destruction of the fatty tissues in the region of surgery

–          Allergies to materials used during and after surgery

–          Excessive and undesirable firmness

–          Complete or partial loss of the areola or the nipples

–          Complications associated with the pulmonary and cardiac systems

–          Deep venous thrombosis

 

What are the steps involved in breast reduction surgeries?

Conventional reduction mammoplasty procedures involve the following steps:

  1. Administration of Anesthesia: Anesthesia is administrated before starting the procedure in order to ensure a painless experience for the patient. Breast reduction surgeries are typically performed on general anesthesia or complete sedation because they involve delicate and sensitive regions of the body and the elimination of pain and discomfort is absolutely essential. Based on your medical history, your surgeon will recommend the most suitable drugs and mode of administration for anesthesia.Breast-Reduction-Diagram
  2. Creating Suitable Incisions: There are several kinds of incisions that can be used in breast reduction surgeries which include: circular incisions surrounding the areola, a racquet or keyhole shaped incision and an anchor or inverted T incision. There are pros and cons to all these different incisions. The surgeon selects one based on the amount of fat and excess skin that requires removal without disfiguring the breast.
  3. Removal of excess skin and tissue, and repositioning: Once the suitable incision has been created, the surgeon carefully repositions the nipples without altering the blood and nerve supply. The excess skin of the areola is then reduced and excised if required. The tissue underneath is carefully reduced and given proper shape.
  4. Reorienting the incisions: Once the excess skin, fat and tissues have been removed and excised, the incisions are then repositioned and brought together for closure. Deep sutures are placed to ensure proper support which other materials such as tapes and skin adhesives can also be used to close the superficial skin incisions. It must be noted that the incision lines will remain visible for a considerable period of time but will gradually disappear.

Recovery from Breast Reduction: Breast Reduction Nurse

Once the breast reduction surgery has been completed successfully, the surgeon will place bandages and gauzes on the site of surgery to promote rapid healing. Patients are encouraged to wear specialized compression garments including compression sleeves and bras to prevent the accumulation of fluid or swelling from occurring. Analgesics and antibiotics may be prescribed to reduce the chances of post surgical pain and infection. In case of complications, patients must immediately report back to the hospital for proper timely treatment.

Results Breast Reduction:

The results of the surgery are immediately visible once the procedure is over. Once the incision marks disappear, patients will be able to appreciate better looking breasts that they can feel more comfortable and confident with.