Breast Augmentation Surgery

Breast Augmentation Surgery

What is Breast Augmentation?

Breast augmentation surgery, commonly known as the breast implant surgery is a procedure used for enhancing the fullness, or increasing the size of the mammary glands. This type of cosmetic surgery aims to correct the symmetry, projection, feel and shape of the breasts. In clinical terms, this procedure is referred to as the ‘Mammoplasty’.

Breast Augmentation 2 The surgery is achieved by special silicone or saline filled breast prosthesis as well as skin flaps to achieve the desired results. Breast Augmentation can either be done for congenital or traumatic abnormalities of the mammary glands, or for cosmetic/aesthetic purposes.
There are a number of reasons as to why women consider this procedure, the most popular of which include:

–          Breast enlargement: Women may consider breast augmentation because of smaller breast size, which may either be a hereditary factor or due to malnutrition.

–          Symmetry and Proportion: It is a fact that about 90% of all women have asymmetrical breast, which is a normal and natural occurrence whereby the left breast is generally larger than the right. The remaining 10% of the women may have other, more pronounced differences. Breast Augmentation works most effectively to eliminate any disproportions and asymmetries that may result in lack of confidence in women.

–          Post-Pregnancy Re-Shaping: Breast Augmentation offers one of the most efficient and effective ways of restoration of the mammary gland volume and shape after pregnancy and breast feeding.

–          Post Mastectomy Re-Construction: Breast Augmentation can also be used for the successful reconstruction of the mammary glands after a mastectomy procedure.

–          Traumatic and Congenital Correction: Trauma to the breasts or deformities resulting for abnormal morphological development can be corrected successfully with Breast Augmentation.

–          Revision Surgery: Patients who are not satisfied with a breast augmentation procedure can opt for a revision augmentation surgery for repair and reconstruction.


Facts Regarding the Risks and Complications of Breast Augmentation

Risks of post-operative complications exist in just about every kind of surgical procedure in the book. These complications can either occur during the procedure, at the preparation phase, or after the completion of the surgery.
It is common knowledge that the mammary glands are highly sensitive and delicate in nature. Composed primarily of glandular and adipose cells, the breasts can easily become prone to a number of complications resulting either from biological reaction or incorrect surgical technique.
Breast Augmentation, an invasive surgical procedure such as many others, poses a certain degree of threat to the natural tissues in case of an error. It is therefore critically important to select a trained, experienced professional and consult family about your options before you proceed with the surgery. A breast implant professional or plastic surgeon will give you a comprehensive insight into all the details of the procedure and gain your consent before performing the surgery.
Some of the risks and complications that are associated with breast augmentation, implants or mammoplasty have been enlisted as follows:

–          Biological reactions to anesthesia administration

–          Post-operative bleeding (also known as hematoma)

–          Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the body/tissues (also known as seroma)

–          Infection at the incision site

–          Post-Operative Pain

–          Altered functionality and sensations

–          Disproportion and loss of symmetry

–          Appearance of wrinkles on or around the mammary glands

–          Unfavorable post operative scarring

–          Abnormal thinning of the mammary gland tissues

–          Rupture of the saline or silicone filled implant

–          Capsular contracture

–          Reparative surgery due to failure of breast augmentation or dissatisfaction of the patient

–          Leakage of the silicone or saline filled implants

Contrary to common beliefs, studies have proven that breast augmentation does not have any links with the development of autoimmune conditions, systemic diseases or malignancies.


Steps involved in a conventional Breast Augmentation Procedure:

All conventional Breast Augmentation surgeries comprise of the following steps:

  1. Anesthesia administration: Depending upon the patient’s case, local or general anesthesia can be administered to ensure a painless surgery.
  2. Incision placement: Once again, depending upon the case, the surgeon places incisions at suitable sites to begin the procedure. Some common incision types that are used in breast augmentation surgeries include inframammary, peri-areolar, transumblical, transaxillary, or transabdomical surgical incisions.
  3. Placement of silicone or saline filled implants within the Implant Pockets: The implant can be placed either into the retromammary space, or by specialized techniques, beneath the pectoralis major muscle (see diagram for example placements of  1. retromammary/subglandular and 2. beneath muscle at various levels).Breast Augmentation Surgery 1
  4. Suturing of incisions: Once the implants have been successfully placed into their pockets, the surgical incisions are closed with the help of suitable sutures to promote healing.
  5. Recovery: Breast Augmentation requires a 6 week recovery period for the complete healing of the scars. The patient can however resume all activities within a week of the surgery.
    A longer healing period is required in patients that have undergone sub-muscular breast augmentation due to deeper incisions. Such patients can experience more post-operative discomfort and pain and are advised against engaging in strenuous or extreme activities for at least six weeks to ensure proper healing. The patient must however exercise their arms regularly with simple flexing movements. Suitable analgesics prescribed by the surgeon can help in keeping the pain at bay.It is critically important to follow all post-operative guidelines given by the surgeon. All leading plastic surgeons encourage their patients to enquire about any query they may have regarding the procedure; therefore it is important to discuss any concerns or problems openly. In case of any complications, the patients are advised to report back to their medical centre immediately.


Breast Augmentation NurseResults of the Breast Augmentation Surgery: What to expect?

Breast Augmentation surgeries are aimed at giving women a whole new perspective about their bodies, to help them rediscover their beauty and to gain confidence.
Fuller, more aesthetically pleasing breasts give women a chance to make peace with their body, and to wear whatever they like such as form fitting evening gowns or lingerie with a newfound sense of freedom and self appreciation.

However, in case a patient is not satisfied with the results of the surgery for a particular reason, she must consult her surgeon immediately because revision surgeries are possible and hold promising results.

It is important to remember that the results of a successful breast augmentation surgery are not permanent. The body tends to undergo age and hormonal changes which can result in a patient’s dissatisfaction associated with the shape or contour of the implants after a certain period of time. In this case, re-implantation procedures can be performed for the correction of the shape to adapt to the changes of the body type.

For ideal results of the surgery, it is essential to regularly visit the surgeon for follow ups and to follow all instruction carefully once the procedure has been successfully completed.