Chemical Peels

Chemical Peels

What are Chemical Peels?

Known by cosmetic surgery and skin care experts as the chem-exfoliation, chemical peels offer the safest non surgical methods of rejuvenating the skin and improving its overall appearance. Chemical Peel 1 There are a number of factors that can result in dull, uneven tone, scarring, wrinkling and formation of spots on the face; the most prominent of which include excessive or prolonged exposure to the sun and even improper diet.
The chem-exfoliation procedure involves the application of a specialized peel which helps in restoring the smooth texture and youthful glow to the skin by effectively removing all outer dermal layers which have been damaged. The procedure, which is also known as derma peeling, is being used all over the world and is one of the most effective minimally invasive treatment options for dull, aging skin of the face, neck and even arms. There are quite a few applications of derma peeling, the most prominent of which include:

–          Scarring caused by acne

–          Freckles

–          Skin damaged by prolonged or excessive exposure to the sun

–          Signs of aging

–          Liver spots

–          General scarring

–          Wrinkles

–          Frown and fine lines

–          Rough texture of the skin

–          Scaly, irregular patches

–          Pigmentation or discoloration


Are there any risks or complications associated with chemical peels?

Chemical Peel MedicalBecause chemical peeling is a minimally invasive, non surgical procedure, it rarely poses any serious risks or complications for patients. However, as part of proper medical protocol, all cosmetic surgeons must educate their patients regarding all major or minor complications that may occur during or after the chem-exfoliation.
It is important to note that all medical procedures in the world carry certain uncertainties or risks regardless of their nature. The chances are considerably low if the cosmetic surgeon has ample experience and expertise in the procedure. Some of the risks and complications that can be associated with chemical peels include:

–          Scarring

–          Infection at the site of peels

–          Allergic reactions

–          Temporary or permanent discoloration of the skin

–          Abnormal pigmentation associated with previous medical and drug history

–          Redness

–          Stinging sensation after the application of chemical peels

–          Crusting of the skin

–          Hyper-pigmentation

–          Formation of cysts

It is essential to know that majority of these risks are infrequent or rare, and only occur in a very small percentage of patients generally due to previous medical or drug histories.


What are the steps involved in derma peeling/chemical peels? Chemical Peel Technical

There are basically there kinds of chemical peels namely light, medium and deep chemical peels depending upon the extent of skin damage and requirements of the patient. The principle of the procedure is fairly simply; it involves the application of specialized, safe chemical solutions to the surface of the skin. These solutions act by removing the outermost layers of the skin which have been exposed to damage. Some of the chemicals that are used in peeling procedures include alphahydroxy acids, phenols and trichloroacetic acids.

  1. Light chemical peels: The indications for light chemical peels include mild to moderate pigmentation, generalized facial dryness as well as wrinkling. This method is used to restore the youthful glow of the skin by gentle exfoliation of outer layers.
    The surgeon or skin care expert will first cleanse the skin, after which the chemical peel is applied for no more than ten minutes. After this, the peel is rinsed off and the process can be repeated once a month for ideal results.
  2. Medium chemical peels: The indications for medium chemical peels include prominent wrinkles, scarring caused by acne as well as skin discoloration. The peel used for this method has the potential to remove the damaged tissues from the top and medium layers of the skin most effectively. The procedure is the same is light chemical peels except that in this case, the peel requires neutralization with the help of saline compresses and the process can be used only up to twice a year for the desired results. In case of medium chemical peels, there are increased chances of stinging, burning and redness of the skin during or after the procedure.
  3. Deep chemical peel: The indications for deep chemical peels include deep wrinkling, prominent scarring, skin damaged by excess exposure to the sun’s rays and even tumor like growths. The solutions used in deep chemical peels have the potential to correct the damage even from the deeper layers of the skin and therefore generally require sedation or anesthesia to ensure a pain and discomfort free experience for patients.
    In this case, after the face has been anesthetized and cleansed, the chemical peel is applied for 30-120 minutes depending upon the extent of skin damage. The peel is then neutralized using water. After an hour, petroleum jelly is smeared on the skin in order to manage the crusting which is most likely to occur immediately after the procedure. It is essential to apply this petroleum jelly for at least 2-3 days for best results. The results of deep chemical peel can easily last up to a decade.


Recovery and results (Click here to view Before & After Photographs):

Patients that have undergone deep and medium chemical peels require at least a week to completely recover from post procedural signs, after which they can fully appreciate their youthful, glowing skin. Chemical peels not only offer an excellent treatment for uneven skin tones, texture and quality of the skin but also allow the patient to look and feel a lot younger.